Happy National Day

Published:

2023-03-20

Xinhang trenchers wish: the great motherland, prosperity, everlasting peace, long-lasting governance and national security.

At the First Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference in September 1949, it was decided that 1 October would be designated as National Day. One of the greatest transformations in Chinese history took place when the People's Republic of China was proclaimed on 1 October 1949. 300,000 people in Beijing held a solemn ceremony in Tiananmen Square at 3pm on 1 October 1949 to celebrate the establishment of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China. Chairman Mao Zedong solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government, and personally raised the first five-star red flag. Chairman Mao read out the Proclamation of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China: "The Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole lawful government representing the people of the People's Republic of China. This Government is willing to establish diplomatic relations with any foreign government that is willing to abide by the principles of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect for territorial sovereignty." A military parade and mass procession followed. Commander-in-Chief Zhu De inspected the naval, land and air forces and announced the Order of the Headquarters of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, ordering the Chinese People's Liberation Army to swiftly purge all remnants of Kuomintang forces and liberate all unliberated territories.

The term "national celebration", which originally referred to a national joyous event, was first used in the Western Jin Dynasty. In his essay "The Five Lords", Lu Ji, a literary scholar of the Western Jin Dynasty, wrote: "The national celebration is the sole benefit of the country, and the lord is not worried about its harm". In ancient times, the Emperor's accession to the throne and his birthday were called "national celebrations". Today, the anniversary of the founding of the country is called National Day.

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